In 1991 the United States Department of Labor Secretary's Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills (SCANS) identified five competencies and three foundation skills that are essential for those entering the workforce. Listening skills were among the foundation skills SCANS identified. Listening skills allow people, regardless of how they take in that information, to make sense of and understand what others are saying. To put it in the simplest terms possible, they allow you to understand what someone is "talking about".
How Can Good Listening Skills Improve Your Performance at Work? Good listening skills will help make you a more productive worker.They will allow you to:
better understand assignments and what your boss expects of you;
build rapport with co-workers, bosses, and clients since everyone craves understanding;
show support for others;
work better in a team-based environment;
resolve problems with customers, co-workers and bosses;
answer questions; and uncover the true meaning of what others are saying.
How to Be an Active Listener and Look Like One
Many people aren't born with good listening skills. Even those who are great listeners sometimes engage in behaviors that make them appear to not be paying attention. The following tips will help you learn how to be an active listener as well as look like one:
1.Maintain Eye Contact: When you are looking someone in the eye, you have no choice but to pay attention. And there will be no question about whether you are.
2.Don't Interrupt the Speaker: Save your questions and comments until the speaker finishes talking and you are able to digest his or her words.
3.Sit Still: Fidgeting makes you look bored.
4.Nod Your Head: This indicates to the speaker that you are taking in the information he or she is conveying.
5.Be Attentive to Non-Verbal Cues: Paying attention to what the speaker doesn't say is as important as being attentive to his or her words. Look for non-verbal cues such as facial expressions and posture to get the full gist of what information the speaker is conveying.
Lean Toward the Speaker: You will appear to be, and actually will be, engaged.
Repeat Instructions and Ask Appropriate Questions: Once the speaker has finished talking, repeat his or her instructions to confirm that you understand them. This is also a good time to ask questions if you have any.