READING Page 35
The night of the horse
A newspaper ran a short story competition on famous tales from history. This is a story one of the students sent in.
The soldier came down the stairs--two at a time. ‘Captain,they"ve gone,’ he cried, ‘They"ve disappeared-all of them. The plain is...’ But the captain of the guards was no longer listening. He was going up the stairs--three at a time. Seconds later, the captain stood on the high wall of the city of Troy. He looked down at the empty plain and, beyond it, at the empty sea. They"ve gone and we"ve won," he said. " The Greeks have tried for ten years to capture our city. Now they"ve sailed away. And they"ve taken everything with them." "Not everything, sir," the soldier said. "They"ve left their horse." Outside the main gates of the city stood a huge horse made of wood. "Ah, yes, "the captain said," that wooden horse. It"s so big that they couldn"t take it with them. Well, it"s ours now. Get some help and pull it into the city. That won"t be difficult. It"s on wheels." "But why is it on wheels? " The soldier asked. I think that maybe the Greeks want us to..." The captain interrupted him. " You"re a soldier," he said. "You don"t have to think. You have to obey orders, and I"m giving you one now. Move that horse. "And so the Trojans dragged it into the city with ropes.
That night, in the main square of the city, all the citizens of Troy celebrated. They sang and danced around the horse, and made jokes about their enemies, the stupid Greeks. Then the Trojans made sure all the gates of the city were securely locked, and they all went to sleep, including the gate guards. By midnight, the square was empty, except for the giant horse. The six Greek soldiers waited for another hour, to be sure. Then, very quietly, they opened the secret door in the side of the horse and climbed out. No guards stopped them as they opened the main gates. Outside stood the Greek army. It had returned in the darkness when the citizens celebrated inside. Now the army enter the city. The Greeks seized the captain and dragged him away. For ten years, they could not capture the city by fighting. In one night, they succeeded in capturing it by a trick.
LISTENING Page 38
How did the Trojan War start?
To find out, we must go back more than two thousand years.
Listen to the story on the recording, and put the pictures in the right order.
Write the numbers 1-8 in the circles.
The King of Troy had a son called Paris. Paris was a handsome young man. One day Zuse the King of the gods told Paris that he had to be a judge in a competition. Three of the goddesses all wanted to be the most beautiful goddess. Paris had to choose which goddess was the most beautiful one. In this picture you can see Paris and the three goddesses.
Epherdety was one of the goddesses, she told Paris to choose her, "If you choose me" she said, "I will make the most beautiful woman in the world fall in love with you, and so Paris said that Epherdety was the most beautiful of the three goddesses. In the picture you can see Paris giving her the prize, a golden apple.
Epherdety told Paris that the most beautiful woman in the world was Queen Hellen of Sbuter. Hellen was married to King Manalayers. Soon Paris got a fast ship and sailed from Troy to Sbuter. In this picture you can see Paris"s ship sailing away from Troy.
Queen Hellen and King Manalayers welcomed Paris to Sbuter. Hellen and Paris soon fell in love with each other. In this picture you can see Hellen Manalayers and Paris at dinner.
King Manalayers had to go away from Sbuter for a few days. As soon as he went Paris took Hellen to his ship, his man also stole a lot of gold from Sbuter.
They sailed back to Troy. The King of Troy was happy to see his son Paris again. Everyone in Troy loved Hellen, because she was so beautiful. In this picture you can see Paris and Hellen returning to Troy.
But King Manalayers was very angry. He called many of the other Greek Kings to help him. Together they went to attack Troy in many ships. In this picture you can see the ships coming towards Troy.
There were many battles in front of the walls of the Troy. You can see one of the battles in this picture. The Greeks and Trojans fought each other for ten years. But the Greeks could not get inside the walls until they played the trick with the wooden horse.
SPEAKING Pages 43 and 44
A Talk time
The sounds [t]and [θ]
1 a tin a tick a tree a boat
2 thin thick three both
3 tin thin tick thick tree three boat both
citizens celebrated thirteen thirsty citizens celebrated
last month thirteen thirsty citizens celebrated
On the thirtieth of last month, thirteen thirsty citizens celebrated.
Three thick trees,
Two black boats,
Ten rusty tins,
Eight thin goats.
When we say words of three or more syllables, we usually stress either the first syllable or the second syllable.
capturing celebrate difficult thunderstorm.
advantage defeated instruction intention October
accurate battery citizen construction
everything percentage thankfully unthinking
MORE PRACTICE Page 47
Qian Xuesen: Father of China"s Aerospace Qian Xuesen is a pioneer
Qian Xuesen is a pioneer in the development of China"s aerospace science and technology. He is called "Father of China"s Aerospace" and "King of Rockets".
Qian was born in Shanghai on 11th December 1911. In 1934, he graduated from the Mechanical Engineering Department of Shanghai Jiaotong University. He then went to study in the USA, with the help of public funds. In 1939, he was awarded a doctorate in Aerospace and Mathematics from an American university. After this, he spent many years teaching and doing research work at universities in the USA.
Qian returned to China in 1955. After Qian left the USA, an American writer wrote an article describing the importance of Qian"s theories, as the rising strength of China"s national defence. Four months after Qian"s return to China, he submitted a report to the State Council about using China"s aerospace industry for national defence. Based on his proposal, the State Council and the Central Military Commission set up the Committee of the Aerospace Industry. This was an important body for missile and aerospace science study and Qian was elected a member of the committee. Qian was very committed to his work on the use of rockets for national defence, and was later appointed the first President of the Missile Research Institute. He participated in the development and production of different types of missiles and the first Earth-orbited satellite in China. As well as science, heis also interested in medicine, philosophy and music, and is good at these things, too. On his 90th birthday, many leading scientists had a huge conference to honour his to honour his contribution to aerospace development.