Out rushed the students to welcome the foreign friends.
Seldom does he go to school late.
Where did he go last Monday?
Are you listening to the radio?
2) “there be”结构中，There are three wells in our village.
There stands a big paper making factory by the river.
3) 在以here, there, now, then, in, away, up down等副词开头的句子中，使用完全倒装结构。但如果主语是代词则用正常语序。
There goes the bell.
Now comes your turn to play
Down she went.
4) 在以neither nor 或no more开头的句子中，表示“……也不这样”， neither和nor意思相同，可以替换使用；no more表示动作的程度并不比前面提到的稍强，意为“也不……”。
I can’t swim, nor (neither) can she .
He hasn’t been to the countryside, neither does he want to go there.
He did not turn up. No more did his wife.
5) 用在as（尽管）引导的让步状语从句中,从属连句as用于特殊语序，含义与though, although相同，但“as”这种结构可表示非常强烈的对照，必须用倒装（表语提前）。
Proud as the nobles are, he is afraid to see me .
Young as he is, he knows a lot .
1) 含有否定意义的副词或连词放在句首时，常用否定词有：never, not, hardly, scarcely, seldom, little, not until, not only…but also, no sooner …than, hardly (scarcely)…when等。一般主句用部分倒装结构。
Never before have we seen such a sight.
Little did I think that he could be back alive.
Not until New Year’s Day shall I give you a gift.
Not only was everything that he had taken away from him, but also his German citizenship.
2) 副词only放在句首时,only 起强调作用，其句型为“only +状语+部分倒装”。如置于句首的only修饰主语，则不用倒装结构。
Only then did he realize his mistakes.
Only in this way can you learn maths well.
Only Mother can understand me.
Were they here, they would help us.
Had I been informed earlier. I could have done something.
Should you fail, take more pain and try again.
“He is a clever boy.” said the teacher.
“Go, Dick, go!” cried Tom, “Go home and get help.”
“What do you think of the film?” he asked.
“I’m leaving for Hongkong next month.” Mary told me yesterday.
May you succeed!
Long live the Communist Party of China.
He is interested in pop-songs, and so am I.
They will learn chemistry next term, so will I.
I can drive a car, so can my younger brother.
- Tom won the first prize for the English competition. －So he did.
- It was cold yesterday. - So it was.
7) 在频度状语often, always, many a time等开头的句子中。
Often did we warn them not to do so.
Many a time has she helped me with my English.
Thus ended his life.
So loudly did he speak that even people in the next room could hear him.
In the middle of the room stood a little girl.
In the distance was a horse.
Such was Albert Einstein, a simple man of great achievements.
Such is life.
Nearby were two canoes in which they had come to the island.
1、______ that we all went out, lying in the sun.
A．The weather so fine was B．So fine was the weather C．So the weather was fine D．So was fine weather
2、Under his arm ______ a pair of shoes which he had bought from the shop a few days before.
A．is B．are C．was D．were
3、______ who had arrested him three times for carrying drugs.
A．Before George stood the policeman B．Before George the policeman stood C．Before the policeman stood George D．Before George did the policeman
4、Then ______ we had been looking forward to .
A．came the hour B．the hour came C．comes the hour D．the hour is coming
5、Only when he started to explain ______ the reason for this.
A．she realized B．did she realize C．she had realized D．had she realized
6、______ succeed in doing anything.
A．Only by working hard we can B．By only working hard we can C．Only by working hard can we D．Only we can by working hard
7、Not for a moment ______ the truth of your story.
A．he has doubted B．he doubts C．did he doubt D．he did doubt
8、Nowhere else in the world ______ cheaper tailoring than in Hong Kong.
A．a tourist can find B．can a tourist find C．a tourist will find D．a tourist has found
9、Hardly ______ when the bus suddenly pulled away.
A．they had got to the bus-stop B．they got to the bus-stop C．did they get to the bus-stop D．had they got to the bus -stop
10、Mary doesn’t speak French, and ______ does Joan.
A．not B．neither C．either D．so
1、B 2、C 3、A 4、A 5、B 6、C 7、C 8、B 9、D 10、B